Pevek City

Expedition of the GULAG History Museum to Chukotka in August 2015.

Expedition of the GULAG History Museum to Chukotka in August 2015 Pevek is a city at the Far East of Russia, the administrate center of Chaun district of Chukotka autonomous region. This territory started developing in the beginning of the 1930s. 10 December 1930 by the resolution of the Soviet government the Chaun national district was created.

In 1933 at the eastern shore of Chaunskaya Bay of the East Siberian sea the settlement under the name of Pevek was formed. Then Pevek became an important regional harbor. In 1937 the hugest tin grounds of the USSR were found 85 kilometers to the east of Pevek: Krasnoarmeiskiy nudnik.

In the second half of the 1940s Dal’stroy began settling Chukotka, where afterwards 3 independent Labour camps were founded. These three camps (Chaunsky camp, Chukotsky camp and Chaun-Chukotsky camp) formed the system of Sevvostlag.

In Pevek itself there were two administrations of the Chukotka camps - Chaunsky camp and Chaun-Chukotsky camp. The prisoners of the former mined uranium 60 km. to the east from the city, and the convicts of the latter besides the mining work also were engaged in the building of Pevek (schools, boarding schools, auto-bases and a power station).

Due to the secrecy of the GULAG activity in this region Pevek appeared on maps only after the dismantling of Chukotka camp system in 1950s.

In 1967 Pevek acquired a status of a city. Thermoelectric power station of Pevek, built by the prisoners, is still the symbol of the city.

This video was filmed during the expedition of the History of GULAG Museum under the rule of its director Roman Romanov to Chukotka in August 2015 The expedition started in Pevek and took place at the uranium camps of Chaunlag “Vostochniy” and “Severniy”. During the expedition lots of exhibits were collected. The expedition also succeeded in making the cartographical air photos of the camps, a 3D panorama was created.