Camp “Dneprovskiy”

The expedition to the camp, the mine and the the concentrating plant “Dneprovskiy” in the
Magadan region.

The camp, the mine and the concentrating plant “Dneprovskiy”, belonging to the Chaunlag - the filming by the expedition of the GULAG History Museum in August 2014.

The “Dneprovskiy” mine was organized in summer 1941 and worked (with a small intermission) till 1955, mining tin. The main source of man power of the “Dneprovskiy” were the prisoners, condemned under different clauses of the criminal code of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Among them there also were the unduly repressed under political clauses, that today are either rehabilitated or still under rehabilitation.

During all the years of the existence of the camp “Dneprovskiy”the main tools were picks, shovels, crow-bars and wheelbarrows. But a part of the most difficult productive work was equipped with machines including those of the American firm “Danver”, imported to the USSR during the Second world war through the Lend-lease policy. Later the equipment was dismantled and carried to the other objects, this is why it didn’t remain at “Deprovskiy”.

At the time when the mine was working it was divided into a fishing zone and a camp zone. In the former the prisoners worked and in the latter they lived. The zones were located higher than the settlements of civilians and engineers. The rests of the industrial and inhabited premises are still there. Among them are the lived houses in the traditional Russian style (“izba”) and some facilities.

On the top of the inhabited zone on the height more than 100 meters there are several ditches from the mined ore, that vividly demonstrate the technology of the mining. One can also see there watching towers, that help to imagine, how the guard was organized. In this sense the “Dneprovskiy” mine is one of the best preserved industrial objects of the Kolyma camps, the GULAG of Kolyma and the despotism of Stalin times.